Window Coverings

Window treatments are essential in any home since they add privacy, adjust the lighting, and maintain temperatures in your room. There are many different types of window treatments you can hang up on your windows. Here is a list of basic window treatments.


Blinds can be used alone or combined with fabric window fashions for a cozier look. Blinds are good options to consider when you’re looking for something for light control and privacy. They are simple, modern window treatments that are wonderful for bedrooms because they add privacy as well as blocking out sunlight. Blinds are made from hard materials like wood, metal, or vinyl. They have slats or louvers, where these long pieces of hard materials are fitted and then adjusted by strings to monitor the amount of light in the room. Blinds are hung vertically or horizontally and come in many different styles, which include Venetian, mini, and vertical.

Cornices are sleek hard window treatments that are padded box shapes covered in paint, wallpaper, or fabric and mounted above the window to conceal the mounting hardware. The bottom of a cornice can be shaped and trimmed in many different ways and some opt to have their cornices custom made to match the material of their furniture.


Curtains are the most popular and common window treatment used in homes, especially bedrooms. Typically, they are made of lighter weight fabric and give your windows a more homey look. There are three basic styles of curtains: panels, café and tier. You’ll find variations on each style. For instance, Priscillas are a popular version of panel curtains. Curtains can have rod pockets or tab tops for hanging on standard or decorative rods. They are usually sold in packages containing two panels.

Blackout curtains are useful to keep sunlight out. Sewn onto the back of any drapery, their lining is a very dense fabric that light can’t penetrate. They are often necessary in a TV or media room.


Draperies are usually made of heavy weight fabric. Many times they’re thermal backed or lined. They are normally hung on a traverse rod with a string so you can easily open and close them. Traditionally, draperies have been used for a more sophisticated decor and found in formal-type rooms. In recent years casual draperies have become more popular, featuring open weave fabrics, tab tops and other more laid-back styles.

Thermal backed draperies can help make your home more energy efficient. The thermal lining helps to block out heat and cold. Lined or thermal backed draperies can also aid in light control.


Shades are a popular choice besides curtains because they regulate the amount of light and offer many beautiful decorative alternatives. Shades are portions of fabric cut to the shape of a window frame, which pulls up-and-down from the top by a string through a pulley-type system or a roll-up sprocket mechanism. Shades are often preferred over blinds because there are many different types of styles and materials, such as bamboo, cellular (translucent), Roman, pleated, solar, motorized, balloon, roller (basic type), and more. Tailored Roman shades have simple, sleek lines and look well in both traditional and contemporary rooms and there are three basic styles: classic, casual, and formal. These shades have a clean look with beautiful soft folds. Having no exposed cords make them a defining fashion statement. Their tailored panels combine the softness of curtains with the functionality of blinds. Roman shades come in a wide variety of timeless fabrics like cotton, silk and linen.


Scarves can be hung on a decorative rod, through sconces or with drapery holdbacks at the top of a window. They are good decorating solutions for odd size windows that cannot be dressed with standard size window fashions. They add a designer look to panels and draperies.


Sheers are a versatile window covering. They are typically used with curtains and drapes for added decoration and don’t offer much privacy or shade from the sun. Use the sheer panels or pinch-pleats with sheer valances and other accessories for a graceful, airy feel. Sheers pair well with heavier weight draperies for a very complete and more formal window. Using sheers under draperies allow outside light in, while providing more privacy than an open window.


Shutters are an old window treatment that is a solid wood door inserted within the window casement or frame on hinges that enables the shutter to be opened to expose the window. They also have small blinds that can be open and shut using a lever to filter the light while they’re closed. Shutters are normally made of wood but there are some made of fauxwood, which come in white, black, brown, or many different type of wood finishes.

Swags and Cascades

Swags are a scalloped shape and several can be used to create a top treatment. The Cascades or Jabots are the long angled-at-the-hem valance pieces at the side. Cascades or Jabots are sold as a pair or a three-piece set. The three-piece set includes a swag and an insert valance.


Tiers are short rod-pocket panels that are intended to cover the bottom portion of a window. Usually, the bottom third of the window is covered. Tiers can be used with valances for a complete finished look. This window treatment is often used in kitchens. They provide some privacy while letting light enter. Tiers are also good solutions for bathrooms and other rooms of the house.


Valances are decorative top treatments used with drapes, curtains, and shades for added decoration and to conceal the mounting hardware. Valances are swathes of fabric draped around the top of a window frame that can be pleated, arched, gathered or flat, straight or shaped, and mounted on dust boards, poles or rods. Due to their dramatic effect, they’re normally found in formal rooms. The Waterfall Valance gets its name from the flowing drape of fabric that is created when it is shirred on a rod. Waterfall valances usually cover about 25-30 inches of window width, even though the actual rod pocket measurement may be three times that number. Many waterfall valances are accented with beads or a tassel.